../companies/Skyway

Sources: www.skywaytuffwheels.com, mauricemeyer.com, http://people.freenet.de/skyway, http://www.bmx4ever.de, www.alansbmx.com, BMX Action, www.vintagebmx.com, Bicross and skate magazine, Freestyle BMX UK, www.expn.com, BMX Plus!, ...
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1963 Skyway Recreation was founded in 1963.
Ken Coster, www.vintagebmx.com: We actually started in 1963, located in Glendale. We started as a machine shop, and there was an airport across the street named "Skyway." At that time, Chuck Raudman thought, "ah, that's a cool name-Skyway," and that's how we got our name. The first products manufactured were for the aerospace industry, a lot of intricate parts for the aerospace-machine parts. Also Disney contacted Skyway, if you've ever seen the President Lincoln robot, a lot of those valves and intricate parts were made by Skyway Machine.
1979 Skyway catalog: During 1963, a small high-quality machine shop opened its doors in Van Nuys, California. Its founder, Chuck Raudman, was a journeyman machinist and began to establish a reputation for precision work in the aerospace industry. Tight tolerance work, which other machine shops would "no bid" because of its difficulty, found its way into the milling machines and lathes of this new operation. Ultimately, these parts were installed in many of the space program's missiles.
1967 1979 Skyway catalog: By 1967 Skyway Machine had outgrown its initial facilities and moved into a larger plant in San Fernando, California. By this time, the company's reputation had spread, and at least half of its work was being done for Walt Disney Enterprises. Many of the complex control mechanisms which are incorporated in the animated figures at Disneyland were made at the San Fernando plant. Chuck Raudman had a number of outside interests which ultimately led the company in a new direction. On weekends he was involved in motocross and cross country motorcycle racing. He noted a need for silencers and spark arrestors which would not cause the motorcycle to sacrifice horsepower.
1971 1979 Skyway catalog: During 1971 the Recreation Products Division was born with the first shipment of the #65 silencer. Over the next few years, the product line of the company expanded rapidly into exhaust pipes, spark arrestors, etc. Among the company's customers were some of the largest original equipment manufacturers in the motorcycle industry: Yamaha, Husqvarna, Kawasaki, Maico and Hodaka.
1974 First BMX Tuff Wheels
Tuff Wheels were the first 20" wheel to be molded in the world. Tuff Wheels are made of a proprietary blend of glass reinforced nylon.
1979 Skyway catalog: In 1974, a new sport began to emerge in Southern California -bicycle motocross (BMX). Skyway saw the possibility of making a contribution to this rapidly growing market in the form of a new product-a 20 inch nylon 'mag type" bicycle wheel. The initial objective was to make a high quality, lightweight, colorable product with a maximum level of durability.
Ken Coster, www.vintagebmx.com: At first we thought we'd make a nylon motorcycle wheel because the founder of the company was a motorcycle racer, and thought it would be pretty cool to have a composite wheel for a motorcycle. But talking with material suppliers like DuPont, there was a concern with the heat that would be generated with the speed of a motorcycle. So about that time, BMX was starting to make a little noise out there-kids racing bicycles. So we thought, well, if we can't do a motorcycle wheel, maybe we could do a bicycle wheel. No one's ever done one, and that's what kicked it off. The original design for the Tuff 1 took lot of R&D. We knew there had to be spokes in there, but we knew we didn't want to have a lot of spokes to have them look like a wagon wheel, so the odd number amount of spokes we thought looked better, so we came up with the design of five spokes, and it was perfect for a 20-inch because of the span between the spokes was almost perfect--so you know the larger the span, the weaker the point--so we thought well, that's a good way to start. And we all thought the 5-spoke looked good, and that's how that design came and there was, we helped develop a toughener with Dupont to get the wheels strong and tough and not cause any rim spreading-you know with X amount of BFI in the tire, and we popped the first one out in 1974. The first wheel was all black.
Bicross and Skate magazine may 1990: Skyway sort les jantes a béton en zytel étudiées pour résister aux chocs spécifiques et apporter une meilleure souplesse aux roues. La jante à bâtons a participé à donner une identité et un look spécifique aux bicross de freestyle.
1975 1979 Skyway catalog: In 1975 TUFF WHEEL® I was born. It was the lightest 'mag type" wheel available in the market place; it soon proved to be the most impact resistent wheel available. It was a full year before the product was completely debugged and, during that time, a wide variety of injection moldable materials were evaluated. Ultimately, a new composition was created by Skyway (A proprietary blend of Zytel® ST and glass reinforced nylon -both from Dupont) to pass the rigid performance tests that were required to simulate 'real life" usage. Also during that year, Skyway developed new injection molding techniques that were found to be essential to the production of the product.
1976 1979 Skyway catalog: During 1976 other products were added to the BMX line. Among these were forks, goggles and face masks.
1977 1979 Skyway catalog: 1977 found Skyway on the move again-this time to a new 30,000 square foot facility in Redding, California. This beautiful area, located at the Northern end of the Sacramento Valley, proved to be a fitting site for continued growth and innovation.

Tuff Wheels in colors.
Ken Coster, www.vintagebmx.com: The first color we came out with was in 1977, and it was, we were talking to Schwinn at that time, and they wanted yellow for their Scrambler model, they really liked the Tuff wheel concept. In fact, they were our first OEM customers. And then we also introduced red and blue
1978 1979 Skyway catalog: With 1978 came the visualization of a second generation design of the very popular TUFF WHEEL®. TUFF WHEEL® II utilized technology discovered and developed during the introduction and growth of TUFF WHEEL® I. Significant changes included a thinner rim to make optimum use of material, and a new concept for the hub area. The "Kool Hub" eliminates the need for a molded-in insert and creates an insulating air gap between the nylon wheel and the metal hub. This (patent pending) approach to isolating the hub from the wheel will be the basis for other high performance wheels in the future, especially in areas where heat generation in a problem.
1979 Tuff Wheel II.
Ken Coster, www.vintagebmx.com: The Tuff Wheel II was introduced in '79, and we wanted the second generation to be lighter in weight. Basically that was the biggest issue, lighter in weight, which it did. And then we came up with the patented concept of the Kool hub, which you know, provided a heat-insulated air gap between the hub and the nylon wheel.
1979 Skyway catalog: In the Spring of 1979 came the commercial introduction of TUFF WHEEL II. The market readily accepted the new wheel. It was lighter in weight, and had even better impact resistance than the highly successful TUFF WHEEL® I.
The "Kool Hub" design made possible the insertion of other "unit hubs" such as the long requested free hub. At Skyway's request, Suntour created a free hub unit that was compatible with the TUFF WHEEL® II hub design. This gave customers the option of using either a coaster brake or a freewheel.
In conjunction with the development of a freewheel, Skyway began working with Kool Stop Manufacturing to develop a caliper brake pad which would "bite" on the low friction nylon surface of the TUFF WHEEL. After 9 months of development and testing, TUFF PADS were born. These pads, made of an exclusive proprietary composition, have been found to meet all Consumer Product Safety Commission requirements and are available in the standard red, yellow, blue and black TUFF WHEEL® II colors.

1979 Skyway catalog: 1979 also saw the installation of two new injection molding machines in the Redding facility. This $700,000 investment gives Skyway the maximum amount of flexibility in the manufacturing of its wheel products. It further indicates Skyway's continuing confidence in the strength and growth of the BMX market.
1979 skyway catalog
1979 Skyway catalog. (download)
1980 1982 Skyway catalog: From the standpoint of new market development, 1980 was an exciting year for Skyway. Skyway Recreation International was formed to serve the international BMX market that was growing rapidly in countries outside of North America. In addition, the durability of Tuff Wheels made a significant contribution to a growing young industry, ultralight aircraft.
1981 1982 Skyway catalog: In 1981, Skyway introduced four new products.
TUFF WHEEL I 16' a 16 inch mini' version of Tuff Wheel I, was introduced at the winter trade shows.
TUFF PEDALS, extremely light graphite reinforced rebuildable pedals, made their debut in the summer. Also added were
TUFF PAD-Pro Model, an upgraded version of the original Tuff Pad, and
'BMX Racing Fever', an instructional book and cassette on all aspects of BMX.
1982 1982 Skyway catalog: Early 1982 will see the second generation of Tuff Wheel II. The new product will be lighter in weight than the existing model and will offer hubs with replaceable bearing cups. It will also see Tuff Wheels performing successfully in yet another industry-lawn and garden-as several manufacturers of high wheel lawnmowers use the Skyway product as original equipment.

Skyway TA frame and fork.
BMX Plus! december 1982: The official word from Skyway was that the company worked on the development of the frame for over one year. Initially; according to Craig Raudman of Skyway, once the decision was made to produce the T/A frame, it took quite a search to find someone to produce the unusual tear-drop shape they needed. After looking everywhere in the United States, Skyway finally turned to Japan, where they found two factories capable of producing the special chrome-moly tubes. The Ishiwata Seisakusho Co. Ltd. of Japan ultimately won the job, and we must say, the job they did was flawless. There were two ways to make the odd-shaped tubing. It could be drawn through a die in the desired shape or, as in the case of the Skyway tubing, it could be drawn round then shaped in a forming die. Once the tubing was dialed in, welding it all together in the right angles became the next step. The trick for Skyway was to figure out geometry that would work as well for the huge Andy Patterson as it would for the quick and nimble pro, Bob Medrano. According to Craig Raudman, countless hours of cutting and redesigning went into the prototypes. With the .geometry finally nailed down, Raudman hopped a plane for Japan to get the final manufacturing specs on the tubing settled. As of this writing, the frames are being completely produced in Japan. The forks are welded then shipped to this country, where Skyway gives them special treatment which involves annealing, re-heat treating, and plating. According to Craig, this is done in order to assure and verify that the fork is up to spec.
BMX Action january 1984: It's obvious from first glance that they invested tons of time and effort putting together the T/A frame and fork (T/A stands for Totally Aerodynamic). Completely 4130 chrome-moly, the frame and fork are things of beauty - almost masterpieces. Let's start at the back of the frame and work our way forward. The rear dropouts are not your basic snooze-a-roonie variety. They're die-cut into a very distinctive shape, knurled on the outside to give the axle nuts somethin' extra to grab onto, and they have a zoot tookin' hole punched out above the axle slot to add a little extra class. The seat and chain stays are tapered, teardrop-shaped tubes that go through a manufacturing process that makes the wall thickness of the material thicker where the taper is narrow, and thinner where the taper is wide. The bottom ends of these tubes are slotted to accept the dropouts, and then the ends are completely closed and welded on both sides of each dropout. The welding throughout the frame and fork is first-rate! Totally clean beads with apparently good penetration. Definitely some of the nicest we've seen in a long time. The seat tube is round at the top, and then below the clamping area it is expanded into a teardrop shape. Ultra-trick. The top and down tubes use 1 1/2 inch teardrop-shaped material. The four inch head tube is milled on the inside to provide the cups a perfect fit. By now, you're probably wondering about the frame weight. Well, it tipped the outstandingly accurate Mighty BMXA scales at 4 pounds. 2 ounces. Purty light. Okay, let's scrutinize the fork. The legs are made of 1 1/8 inch teardrop tubing, and the bottoms have been cleanly cut, formed, and welded shut. Very send. The dropouts are styled similar to the rear dropouts, all the way down to the tightening hole and the knurling for extra axle nut gription. The collar is drilled for a front brake. One of Skyway's goats for the forks was to make them light, and at 1 pound, 8 1/2 ounces, they did it. But they also wanted them to be able to take extreme punishment. So they went a big step beyond average manufacturing processes by completely heat-treating them after welding to between 30 and 36 on the Rockwell hardness scale. What this means is that these forks are tough! Since parts are subjected to very high temperatures during the heattreating process, they tend to warp. But Skyway puts their forks into special jigs to make sure they don't lose their shape. After they come out of the oven, the forks are carefully examined to make absolutely sure they're straight. The wheelbase is adjustable from 35 3/4 to 37 inches, so it should fit radsters 14 and over very nicely. Now that you have the full scoop, do ya wanna take a stab at the sticker price of all this. Forget it, we'll tell ya. 180 dockets. That even includes a Skyway California Lite frame pad. Pretty cool price for the goal involved.
1982 skyway catalog
1982 Skyway catalog. (download)

Skyway TA 1983
Skyway TA.
1985 The total highlight of '85 was the colors that popped up. CW made an exclusive deal with Skyway to make lavender Tuffs, which were soon followed by light green, orange, pink, etc... This was definitely a bright year!

Skyway Street Beat.
Ad in BMX Action september 1985: Forget the ordinary with Street Beat, Skyway's new full-on freestyle machine. It's light enough to grab max air, and strong enough to beat the street. With heat-treated fork and rear drop-outs made from 100% 4130 chrome-moly, Street Beat's available in white, green and orange (frame and fork set only).
Freestyle BMX UK may 1985: Skyway have announced a new frameset designed specifically for freestyle. Of course everyone knows the T.A has been used for freestyle for eons and very good it is too, so what's different about the new frame ? Well for starters the T.A's 'totally aerodynamic' tubing has been abandoned in favour of ultra trick new squared off scaffolding on the top tube for easy framestands and strengh. Not only that, but the top tube also gets wider where it meets the headtube.

Ad in BMX Action september 1985: Freestyle Axle Pegs now come in 3/8''x 24 thread as well as 3/8"x 26.

Skyway Promotional video, 1985
Promotional video made by Unreel Productions (made KOS videos) for Skyway. Most of the footage is from 1985 San Diego AFA contest and some Del Mar footage of Hugo Gonzalez spinning a 360 over the fence. Footage includes Hugo Gonzalez, Dave Vanderspek, Robert Peterson, Scotty Freeman and Maurice Meyer with a cameo of Bob Haro riding a wheelie.
SKYWAY

Street Beat 1985

rotor
Rotor Skyway 1985
1986 Skyway dropped their race team to go all out in freestyle. street beat
Street Beat.
1987 Ron Haro, le frère de Bob, devient Team Manager. spinmaster II
Skyway 1987 Spinmaster II.
1988 1988 Skyway catalog.

Skyway has made some big cuts to their freestyle budget. They've eliminated all retainers salaries, entry fees and travel expenses for their riders. Their riders can still get product, but the cash flow is over, and team manager Jon Peterson has left the company.
1988 skyway catalog
2002 Over 8 million of Tuff Wheels have been sold since 1974.

www.expn.com, may 2002: Mat Hoffman and Simon Tabron are both riding Skyway Tuff Wheels. And they've both had wheel-shattering crashes recently.
2003 Press release, december 2003: Old school wheels designed for new school riding and tricks. SKYWAY'S new 20" TuffWheel long carbon fiber compound wheels are stiffer, lighter and stronger than the older graphites. Available with precision bearings, convertible axles in 3/8 inch or 14 mm sizes, with gold anodized hubs and black wheels.
2011 Press release, june 2011: SKYWAY™ TuffWheels® are now available with a nine tooth cassette sprocket with 14mm axles.
SKYWAY BMX TEAM
Craig Campbell .... - 1988
Mike Dominguez 1983
Scott Freeman .... - spring 1988 remercié pour cause de grasse matinée le matin d'un contest.
Hugo Gonzales Hugo: I got picked up by Skyway after a contest in San Diego. They asked me if I was interested in the team and I said yes.
Ron Haro team manager .... - spring 1988
Mat Hoffman first sponsor; june 1986 - spring 1988 and then riding for Haro.
Kevin Jones 1987 - 1988
Maurice Meyer
Robert Peterson 1984 - 1986 Robert: Schwinn made me a great offer that I couldn't refuse.
Eddie Roman 1985 - 1988
Steve Swope 1988 - ....
Dave Vanderspek

Autumn 1988 Skyway aurait licencié l'intégralité de son team sans le remplacer. Plus de team officiel Skyway donc.
hoffman freeman
Mat Hoffman and Scott Freeman

jones roman
Kevin Jones and Eddie Roman